GMO Policies by Country

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GMO Policies by Country describes laws in different countries allowing or banning Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). GMOs are not legal in all countries around the world.

As of 2012, GMO planting had expanded to the following nations:[1]

  • USA: Corn, soybean, cotton, canola, sugarbeet, alfalfa, papaya, squash
  • Brazil: Soybean, corn, cotton
  • Argentina: Soybean, corn, cotton
  • Canada: Canola, corn, soybean, sugarbeet
  • India: Cotton
  • China: Cotton, papaya, poplar, tomato, sweet pepper
  • Paraguay: Soybean, corn, cotton
  • South Africa: Corn, soybean, cotton
  • Pakistan: Cotton
  • Uruguay: Soybean, corn
  • Bolivia: Soybean
  • Philippines: Corn
  • Australia: Cotton, canola
  • Burkina Faso: Cotton
  • Myanmar: Cotton
  • Mexico: Cotton, soybean
  • Spain: Corn
  • Chile: Corn, soybean, canola
  • Colombia: Cotton
  • Honduras: Corn
  • Sudan: Cotton
  • Portugal: Corn
  • Czech Republic: Corn
  • Cuba: Corn
  • Egypt: Corn
  • Costa Rica: Cotton, soybean
  • Romania: Corn
  • Slovakia: Corn
"While 28 countries planted commercialized biotech crops in 2012, an additional 31 countries totalling 59 have granted regulatory approvals for biotech crops for import, food and feed use and for release into the environment since 1996. A total of 2,497 regulatory approvals involving 25 GM crops and 319 GM events have been issued by competent authorities in 59 countries, of which 1,129 are for food use (direct use or processing), 813 are for feed use (direct use or processing) and 555 are for planting or release into the environment. Of the 59 countries with regulatory approvals, USA has the most number of events approved (196), followed by Japan (182), Canada (131), Mexico (122), Australia (92), South Korea (86), New Zealand (81), European Union (67 including approvals that have expired or under renewal process), Philippines (64), Taiwan (52) and South Africa (49). Maize has the most number of approved events (121 events in 23 countries), followed by cotton (48 events in 19 countries), potato (31 events in 10 countries), canola (30 events in 12 countries) and soybean (22 events in 24 countries). The event that has received the most number of regulatory approvals is the herbicide tolerant maize event NK603 (50 approvals in 22 countries + EU-27), followed by the herbicide tolerant soybean event GTS-40-3-2 (48 approvals in 24 countries + EU-27), insect resistant maize event MON810 (47 approvals in 22 countries + EU-27), insect resistant maize event Bt11 (43 approvals in 20 countries + EU-27), insect resistant cotton event MON531 (36 approvals in 17 countries + EU-27) and insect resistant cotton event MON1445 (31 approvals in 14 countries + EU-27)."[1]




Central and South America

European Union

North America

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  1. 1.0 1.1 ISAAA Brief 44-2012: Executive Summary , ISAAA, Accessed February 22, 2013.

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