James Madison Institute
|There are a number of sources of confusion with the Madison name.|
James Madison Institute (JMI) is a right-wing advocacy "think tank" and describes its mission as "to keep the citizens of Florida informed about their government and to shape our state's future through the advancement of practical free-market ideas on public policy issues."
JMI was founded in 1987 and is a member of State Policy Network (SPN), a web of state pressure groups that denote themselves as "think tanks" and drive a right-wing agenda in statehouses nationwide. An August 2013 board document of the related group the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) alleges that JMI is a "former SPN member," but the SPN website still lists JMI as a full member as of August 2020, and a July 2013 JMI fundraising proposal to Searle Freedom Trust was included in a packet of SPN proposals in August 2013.
- 1 News and Controversies
- 2 Ties to the State Policy Network
- 3 Ties to the Koch Brothers
- 4 Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
- 5 Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- 6 Funding
- 7 Core Financials
- 8 Personnel
- 9 Contact Information
- 10 Articles and Resources
- 11 References
News and Controversies
Filed Amicus Brief in Support of Anti-Union Side in Janus vs. AFSCME Supreme Court Case
In a 2018 investigation, Mary Bottari named the James Madison Insitute as one of the State Policy Network member groups who signed amicus briefs in support of Janus in Janus v AFSCME. As she describes, "A long list of amicus curiae briefs from a variety of think tanks may make it seem as if the Janus side has broad national support. In fact, 13 of 19 briefs filed by organizations (rather than governments or individuals) for the plaintiff come from current or former members of SPN. Seventeen were filed by groups that have received funding from Bradley, Donors Capital and Donors Trust."
Leaked Audio Shows JMI, Florida Utilities Deceived Public on Amendment 1
Leaked audio offers new evidence that Florida utilities and their allies have sought to deceive the public into believing that the utility-funded Amendment 1 ballot initiative was pro-solar, when in reality its goal was to undercut attempts to allow third-party sales of rooftop solar. Audio obtained by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) and the Energy and Policy Institute captures James Madison Institute's Sal Nuzzo boasting that JMI and other Amendment 1 backers successfully misled the public into believing it was pro-solar. Speaking to other State Policy Network member organizations, Nuzzo, JMI's vice president of policy and director of the center said:
The point I would make, maybe the takeaway, is as you guys look at policy in your state or constitutional ballot initiatives in your state, remember this: solar polls very well. To the degree that we can use a little bit of political jiu-jitsu and take what they’re kind of pinning us on and use it to our benefit either in policy, in legislation or in constitutional referendums if that’s the direction you want to take, use the language of promoting solar, and kind of, kind of put in these protections for consumers that choose not to install rooftop."
Nuzzo, speaking at the "Energy/Environment Leadership Summit," on October 2, 2016 in Nashville, TN, later acknowledges that a competing, legitimately pro-solar ballot amendment which aimed to remove Florida’s ban on third-party sales of solar power enjoyed popular support, including from the political right.
In response to the threat to their monopoly control of electric sales, utilities set up their own group in 2015, called "Consumers for Smart Solar." Nuzzo described how the utilities, via Consumers for Smart Solar, responded to the threat to their monopoly by asking JMI to publish a study attacking the amendment, which it did in December of 2015. The Coalition for Solar Choice ballot initiative did not qualify for the 2016 ballot, thanks in part to deceptive ballot collection tactics employed by the utility-backed Consumers for Smart Solar group. Nuzzo went on to describe how Consumers for Smart Solar ensured that its ballot initiative would appear to be favorable for solar power, and how it was designed expressly to submarine the pro-solar effort from the Coalition for Solar Choice.
- Listen to the audio leaked by CMD and the Energy and Policy Institute here.
- Read the full article on ExposedbyCMD: Leaked Audio Shows How Florida Utilities Sought to Deceive Public into Believing Amendment 1 is Pro-Solar
- Read the article on the Miami Herald: Insider reveals deceptive strategy behind Florida’s solar amendment
JMI Called Out for Blocking Action on Climate Change
In July of 2016, nineteen U.S. Senators delivered a series of speeches denouncing climate change denial from 32 organizations with links to fossil-fuel interests, including the James Madison Institute. Sen. Whitehouse (RI-D), who led the effort to expose "the web of denial" said in his remarks on the floor that the purpose was to,
- "shine a little light on the web of climate denial and spotlight the bad actors in the web, who are polluting our American discourse with phony climate denial. This web of denial, formed over decades, has been built and provisioned by the deep-pocketed Koch brothers, by ExxonMobil, by Peabody coal, and by other fossil fuel interests. It is a grim shadow over our democracy in that it includes an electioneering effort that spends hundreds of millions of dollars in a single election cycle and threatens any Republican who steps up to address the global threat of climate change. . . . [I]t is long past time we shed some light on the perpetrators of this web of denial and expose their filthy grip on our political process. It is a disgrace, and our grandchildren will look back at this as a dirty time in America’s political history because of their work.”
Questionable Campaign Contribution
JMI contributed $591 to the Republican Party of Florida in June 2006, according to the National Institute on Money in State Politics. The IRS prohibits 501(C)(3) nonprofits from engaging in any political activity and explicitly states that campaign contributions are a prohibited campaign activity. It is not clear if this contribution was a reimbursement of some kind or what the legal rationale was for this money flowing from a charity to a political party.
Ties to the State Policy Network
JMI is an affiliate member of State Policy Network. SPN is a web of right-wing “think tanks” and tax-exempt organizations in 50 states, Washington, D.C., Canada, and the United Kingdom. As of January 2022, SPN's membership totals 166. Today's SPN is the tip of the spear of far-right, nationally funded policy agenda in the states that undergirds extremists in the Republican Party. SPN Executive Director Tracie Sharp told the Wall Street Journal in 2017 that the revenue of the combined groups was some $80 million, but a 2019 analysis of SPN's main members IRS filings by the Center for Media and Democracy shows that the combined revenue is over $120 million. Although SPN's member organizations claim to be nonpartisan and independent, the Center for Media and Democracy's in-depth investigation, "EXPOSED: The State Policy Network -- The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government," reveals that SPN and its member think tanks are major drivers of the right-wing, American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)-backed corporate agenda in state houses nationwide, with deep ties to the Koch brothers and the national right-wing network of funders.
In response to CMD's report, SPN Executive Director Tracie Sharp told national and statehouse reporters that SPN affiliates are "fiercely independent." Later the same week, however, The New Yorker's Jane Mayer caught Sharp in a contradiction. In her article, "Is IKEA the New Model for the Conservative Movement?," the Pulitzer-nominated reporter revealed that, in a recent meeting behind closed doors with the heads of SPN affiliates around the country, Sharp "compared the organization’s model to that of the giant global chain IKEA." She reportedly said that SPN "would provide 'the raw materials,' along with the 'services' needed to assemble the products. Rather than acting like passive customers who buy finished products, she wanted each state group to show the enterprise and creativity needed to assemble the parts in their home states. 'Pick what you need,' she said, 'and customize it for what works best for you.'" Not only that, but Sharp "also acknowledged privately to the members that the organization's often anonymous donors frequently shape the agenda. 'The grants are driven by donor intent,' she told the gathered think-tank heads. She added that, often, 'the donors have a very specific idea of what they want to happen.'"
A set of coordinated fundraising proposals obtained and released by The Guardian in early December 2013 confirm many of these SPN members' intent to change state laws and policies, referring to "advancing model legislation" and "candidate briefings." These activities "arguably cross the line into lobbying," The Guardian notes.
Ties to the Koch Brothers
JMI has deep ties to the Koch brothers. The organization received $1,340,242 from DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund between 2005 and 2014. JMI also received $286,384 between 2007 and 2014 from the Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation.
Charles Koch is the right-wing billionaire owner of Koch Industries. As one of the richest people in the world, he is a key funder of the right-wing infrastructure, including the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and the State Policy Network (SPN). In SourceWatch, key articles on Charles Koch and his late brother David include: Koch Brothers, Americans for Prosperity, Stand Together Chamber of Commerce, Stand Together, Koch Family Foundations, Koch Universities, and I360.
Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
As of December 2019, JMI is a non-profit member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC). It was listed as a member of ALEC's Education Task Force and Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force until it terminated its membership on February 13, 2013 because "SPN did not renew [JMI's] membership," according to an August 2013 ALEC board document obtained by The Guardian. It has also had ties through a member of its Research Advisory Council, James M. Taylor, also of the Heartland Institute. Mr. Taylor is involved with the ALEC Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force as a frequent guest speaker.
JMI was listed as a new member of ALEC's Education Task Force as of April 2012. Exposed by CMD highlighted JMI's role in ALEC's 2015 push toward education privatization. Both ALEC and James Madison Insitute, along with several other right-wing funders, are listed as partners of "National School Choice Week", which promotes "charters, vouchers, and tax credits that aid private schools, including religious and for-profit ventures."
Please see SPN Ties to ALEC for more.
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our ExposedbyCMD.org site.
Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
The James Madison Institute has hosted writers from the ALEC-connected Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, which screens potential reporters on their “free market” views as part of the job application process. The Franklin Center funds reporters in over 40 states. Despite their non-partisan description, many of the websites funded by the Franklin Center have received criticism for their conservative bias. On its website, the Franklin Center claims it "provides 10 percent of all daily reporting from state capitals nationwide."
Franklin Center Funding
Franklin Center Director of Communications Michael Moroney told the Center for Public Integrity (CPI) in 2013 that the source of the Franklin Center's funding "is 100 percent anonymous." But 95 percent of its 2011 funding came from DonorsTrust, a spin-off of the Philanthropy Roundtable that functions as a large "donor-advised fund," cloaking the identity of donors to right-wing causes across the country (CPI did a review of Franklin's Internal Revenue Service records). Mother Jones called DonorsTrust "the dark-money ATM of the conservative movement" in a February 2013 article. Franklin received DonorTrust's second-largest donation in 2011.
The Franklin Center was launched by the Chicago-based Sam Adams Alliance (SAM), a 501(c)(3) devoted to pushing free-market ideals. SAM gets funding from the State Policy Network, which is partially funded by The Claude R. Lambe Foundation. Charles Koch, one of the billionaire brothers who co-own Koch Industries, sits on the board of this foundation. SAM also receives funding from the Rodney Fund.
The James Madison Institute has received more than $1 million from organizations funded by the Koch brothers and has "consistently advocated for policies that protect the Kochs' bottom line rather than the best interests of Floridians", according to a November 2013 report by Progress Florida and Center for Media and Democracy.
- Adams Family Foundation: $1,000 (2013)
- Adolph Coors Foundation: $50,000 (2012-2014)
- American Petroleum Institute: $60,000 (2008-2009)
- Americans for Tax Reform: $10,000 (2017)
- Atlas Network: $9,000 (2015)
- Bailey Family Foundation: $17,250 (2011-2018)
- Baird Foundation: $2,000 (2017-2018)
- Barney Family Foundation: $70,000 (2014-2018)
- Bradley Foundation: $115,000 (2008-2018)
- Capital City Bank Group Foundation: $4,250 (2012-2017)
- Cato Institute: $100,000 (2006)
- Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation: $286,384 (2007-2014)
- Charles Koch Institute: $30,000 (2015-2016)
- Chase Foundation of Virginia: $12,000 (2013-2018)
- Citizens for Self-Governance: $55,000 (2010-2012)
- Donors Capital Fund: $1,452,200 (2005-2016)
- DonorsTrust: $160,232 (2006-2018)
- Durden Foundation: $420,000 (2011-2018)
- Fidelity Investments Charitable Gift Fund: $32,600 (2017-2018)
- Franklin News Foundation: $75,000 (2012)
- Garvey Kansas Foundation: $1,500 (2011-2018)
- George T. and Joan M. Beck Foundation: $1,500 (2012-2014)
- Gibbs Family Foundation: $50,000 (2011-2016)
- Gidel Family Foundation: $96,500 (2014-2018)
- Givewell Community Foundation: $50,000 (2018-2019)
- Gogo Foundation: $5,000 (2016)
- Hayden Foundation: $25,200
- Heart of Florida United Way: $20,000 (2016)
- Hilton Family Foundation: $500,000 (2010)
- Huizenga Family Foundation: $5,000 (2011)
- J. W. Schippmann Foundation: $3,000 (2012-2017)
- Jaqueline Hume Foundation: $252,979 (1999-2011)
- JM Foundation: $110,000 (2012-2015)
- John Templeton Foundation: $960,696 (2011-2013)
- Lovett & Ruth Peters Foundation: $10,000 (2009-2011)
- Lowry Murphey Family Foundation: $5,000 (2010-2014)
- Marion G. Wells Foundation: $12,000 (2012)
- National Taxpayers Union: $10,000 (2018)
- National Christian Charitable Foundation: $3,800 (2012-2017)
- Philip J. Solondz Family Foundation: $25,000 (2013-2017)
- R Street Institute: $151,000 (2016-2018)
- Roe Foundation: $460,000 (1998-2018)
- Sheppard Foundation: $2,700 (2012-2016)
- State Policy Network: $386,700 (2012-2017)
- Vernon K. Krieble Foundation: $1,000 (2010)
- William S. and Ann Atherton Foundation: $3,000 (2014-2015)
- Wodecroft Foundation: $15,000 (2014-2015)
- Total Revenue: $1,515,885
- Total Expenses: $1,611,575
- Net Assets: $454,726
- Total Revenue: $1,145,430
- Total Expenses: $1,454,224
- Net Assets: $550,416
- Total Revenue: $1,590,520
- Total Expenses: $2,052,409
- Net Assets: $859,210
- Total Revenue: $1,865,274
- Total Expenses: $2,031,606
- Net Assets: $1,320,099
- Total Revenue: $1,913,472
- Total Expenses: $1,681,516
- Net Assets: $1,509,644
- Total Revenue: $1,250,415
- Total Expenses: $1,655,681
- Net Assets: $1,277,688
- Total Revenue: $1,694,754
- Total Expenses: $1,770,365
- Net Assets: $1,682,954
- Total Revenue: $1,966,419
- Total Expenses: $1,297,246
- Net Assets: $1,758,565
- Total Revenue: $1,785,368
- Total Expenses: $1,107,183
- Net Assets: $1,089,392
- Total Revenue: $909,458
- Total Expenses: $874,987
- Net Assets: $411,208
As of August 2020:
- J. Robert McClure, III, President and CEO
- Rebecca Liner, Executive Vice President
- Sal Nuzzo, Vice President of Policy and Director of the Center for Economic Prosperity
- William Mattox, Director of the J. Stanley Marshall Center for Educational Options
- Jill Mattox, Foundation Grants Manager
- Logan Padgett, Director of Communication and Public Affair
- Tanja Clendinen, Database Manager
- Austin Moser, Director of Development
- Andrea O'Sullivan, Director of the Center for Technology and Innovation
- Brittany Yazdanpanah, Director of Events of Logistics
- Katelyn Wiley, Executive Assistant to the President
- Samantha Blair, Major Gifts Officer
- Christie Herrera, Head of Public Affairs
- Matt Warner, Director of Public Affairs
- J. Stanley Marshall, Founding Chairman
- Robert F. Sanchez, Director of Policy
- Francisco Gonzalez, Vice President of Advancement
- Valerie Wickboldt, Vice President of Communications
- Daniel Peterson, Director of the Center for Property Rights
- Alyssa Gill, Director of Events and Logistics
- Dana Edwards, Director of Creative & Digital Strategy
- Don Orrico, Southwest Florida Development Director
- Samantha Blair, Executive Assistant to the President
- Scott Sholl, Florida Verve Editor
- Jessica Brewton, Director of Events and Logistics
Board of Directors
As of August 2020:
- Allan G. Bense, Chairman (Former Florida House Speaker)
- Glen Blauch, Treasurer (President and CEO of Blauch and Associates)
- J.F. Bryan IV (former President of Independent Insurance Group)
- Robert H. Gidel Sr., Vice Chairman (Managing Member of Liberty Capital Advisors)
- Timothy M. Cerio (General Counsel to Florida Governor Rick Scott)
- L. Charles Hilton Jr., Chairman Emeritus (Chairman of the Board, Hilton, Inc.)
- John F. Kirtley (Co-founder, FCP Investors)
- J. Robert McClure III, Ex-Officio (President and CEO of JMI)
- Liza Shultz (Chief Services Officer of CNL Financial Group)
- Jeffrey V. Swain, Chairman (Owner, Performance Video)
- Joe S. York, (President of AT&T Florida)
- Betsy DeVos
- Stan Connally (President and CEO, Gulf Power)
- Charles E. Cobb (Former US Ambassador to Iceland)
- J. Stanley Marshall, Vice-Chairman (Founding Chairman of JMI)
- Rebecca Walter Dunn
- George W. Gibbs III (Chairman and CEO, Atlantic Marine Holding Company)
- Fred Leonhardt
- John Hrabusa (Senior VP, Human Resources, Publix Super Markets)
- Thomas K. Sittema (Chief Executive Officer of CNL Financial Group)
- Frank Kruppenbacher (Partner with the law firm of Morgan and Morgan)
Research Advisory Council
As of August 2020:
- Dr. Michael Bond, Senior Lecturer, Department of Finance, University of Arizona
- Dr. Jack Chambless, Professor of Economics, Valencia College
- Dr. Victor Claar, Associate Professor of Economics, Florida Gulf Coast University
- Dr. Marshall DeRosa, Professor of Political Science, Florida Atlantic University
- Dr. Dino Falaschetti, Director of Operations, Mercatus Center at George Mason University
- Elizabeth Price Foley, Professor of Law, Florida International University College of Law
- Dr. James Gwartney, Professor of Economics, Florida State University
- Randall G Holcombe, Professor of Economics, Florida State University
- Robert Poole, Director of Transportation Policy, Searle Freedom Trust Transportation Fellow, Reason Foundation
- Peter Schweizer, Author and Speaker
- Dr. Sam Staley, Managing Director, DeVoe L. Moore Center at The Florida State University
- James M. Taylor, J.D., Senior Fellow of Environmental Policy, Heartland Institute
- Dr. J. Antonio Villamil, Founder and Principal of The Washington Economics Group, Inc.
Former Research Advisors
- Dr. Susan Aud, Research Associate, Milton and Rose Friedman Foundation
- Dr. Thomas DiBacco, Professor Emeritus of History, American University
- Dr. Bradley K. Hobbs, Professor of Free Enterprise, Florida Gulf Coast University
- Dr. Barry Poulson, Professor of Economics, University of Colorado
- Dr. Linda Raeder, Professor of Politics, Palm Beach Atlantic University
- J.B. Ruhl, J.D., Professor of Law, Florida State University College of Law
- Dr. Derek Yonai J.D., Professor of Economics and Free Enterprise, Florida Southern College
James Madison Institute
100 North Duval Street
Tallahassee, FL 32301
Phone: (850) 386-3131
Toll-free (866) 340-3131
Fax: (850) 386-1807
Articles and Resources
IRS Form 990 Filings
- Adolph Coors Foundation
- American Legislative Exchange Council
- American Petroleum Institute
- American University
- Americans for Tax Reform
- Atlas Network
- Barry Poulson
- Berman & Co.
- Betsy DeVos
- Cato Institute
- Center for Media and Democracy
- Charles Koch Institute
- Christie Herrera
- Citizens for Self-Governance
- Consumers for Smart Solar
- Docs 4 Patient Care Foundation
- Doner Fundraising
- Donors Capital Fund
- DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund Grant Recipients
- Education Task Force
- Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force
- Franklin News Foundation
- Front group
- Heartland Institute
- In These Times
- Interstate Policy Alliance
- James M. Taylor
- Janus vs. AFSCME, U.S. Supreme Court Case
- Jaqueline Hume Foundation
- JM Foundation
- John Templeton Foundation
- Koch brothers
- Koch Family Foundations
- Lovett & Ruth Peters Foundation
- Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
- Madison Group
- Madison Public Affairs Group
- Marion G. Wells
- Mary Bottari
- Matt Warner
- National Taxpayers Union
- Organisations listed in the Exxonsecrets database
- R Street Institute
- Randall G Holcombe
- Rick Berman
- Roe Foundation
- Searle Freedom Trust
- SPN Members
- State Policy Network
- Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force
- Think tank
- Vernon K. Krieble Foundation
- State Policy Network:
- American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
- Donors Capital Fund
- Koch Family Foundations
- Koch Industries
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- Heritage Foundation
- Think tanks
- Whitney Ball
- Adam Meyerson
- Bridgett Wagner
Related PRWatch Articles
- Brendan Fischer, Why Are the Franklin Center's "Wisconsin Reporter" and "Watchdog.org" Attacking the John Doe?, PRWatch.org, December 19, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, The State Policy Network's Cozy Relationship with Big Tobacco, PRWatch.org, December 16, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, Did ALEC Found SPN? 1991 Report Suggests So, Exposes SPN Agenda, PRWatch.org, December 12, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, Guardian Documents Expose State Policy Network Groups' Intent to Lobby, PRWatch.org, December 5, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, State Policy Network: The Stealth Network Dramatically Influencing State Law, PRWatch.org, December 5, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, Tracie Sharp: Bursar of Mystery Money and "IKEA Model" Materials to Stink Tanks, PRWatch.org, November 19, 2013.
- Center for Media and Democracy, Reports Expose Extreme Pressure Groups Masquerading as Think Tanks, press release, November 13, 2013.
- Rebekah Wilce, A Reporters’ Guide to the "State Policy Network": the Right-Wing Think Tanks Spinning Disinformation and Pushing the ALEC Agenda in the States, PRWatch.org, April 4, 2013.
- Sara Jerving, ALEC and Heartland Aim to Crush Renewable Energy Standards in the States, PRWatch.org, November 27, 2012.
- Connor Gibson, Meet the Network Hiding the Koch Money: "Donors Trust" and "Donors Capital Fund", PRWatch.org, October 29, 2012.
- Brendan Fischer, Koch-Funded Mackinac Center Brings Wisconsin Act 10 Provisions to ALEC, PRWatch.org, May 2, 2012.
- Sara Jerving, Franklin Center: Right-Wing Funds State News Source, PRWatch.org, October 31, 2011.
- Wall Street Journal, The Spoils of the Republican State Conquest, December 9, 2016, archived by CMD here.
- DeSmog Blog, Stink Tanks: Historical Records Reveal State Policy Network Was Created by ALEC, December 9, 2013.
- The Guardian, State conservative groups plan US-wide assault on education, health and tax, December 5, 2013.
- Portland Press Herald, "Washington County residents have mixed reactions to plan to eliminate taxes," December 5, 2013.
- The Texas Observer, "The Money Behind the Fight to Undermine Medicaid," December 5, 2013.
- Media Matters, North Carolina Newspapers Largely Ignore Conservative Funding Of Sham Think Tanks, December 3, 2013.
- Shepherd Express, Masters of Manipulation: Right-wing Billionaires, Corporations and the Bradley Foundation Pay for Junk Studies that Prop up Their Agenda, November 27, 2013.
- "Moyers & Company," How a Shadowy Network of Corporate Front Groups Distorts the Marketplace of Ideas, November 19, 2013.
- MSNBC "Rachel Maddow Show," November 18, 2013.
- Free Speech TV "Ring of Fire," Facebook, Microsoft, AT&T and Others Supporting Right Wing Propaganda Machine, November 18, 2013.
- Topeka Capital-Journal, Trabert dismisses report tying KPI to Koch agenda, November 16, 2013.
- The New Yorker (Jane Mayer), Is IKEA the New Model for the Conservative Movement?, November 15, 2013.
- Salon, Ted Cruz and Koch brothers embroiled in shadowy Tea Party scheme, November 15, 2013.
- St. Louis Business Journal, Beyond Sinquefield: Who else is funding the Show-Me Institute?, November 15, 2013.
- The Guardian, Facebook and Microsoft help fund rightwing lobby network, report finds, November 14, 2013.
- Huffington Post, Meet The Little-Known Network Pushing Ideas For Kochs, ALEC, November 14, 2013.
- CBS St. Louis, Show-Me Institute’s Ties Questioned in New Report, November 14, 2013.
- Talking Points Memo, Florida Conservative Group Helping Muck Up Obamacare In Alaska, November 14, 2013.
- Mint Press News, Reports Reveal SPN’s Secret Corporate Agenda Through Use ‘Expert’ Testimony, November 14, 2013.
- Media Matters, Shadowy Right-Wing Group Generates Media Coverage For Conservative Policy From Coast To Coast, November 14, 2013.
- The Institute for Southern Studies, Are conservative think tanks breaking lobbying laws?, November 14, 2013.
- Nonprofit Quarterly, Corporate Money in Network of Right-Wing State Policy Think Tanks, November 14, 2013.
- The Progressive, Right-Wing Think Tanks Push Privatization in the States, November 13, 2013.
- Politico, Report: Think tanks tied to Kochs, November 13, 2013.
- Lawrence Journal-World, Reports released by progressive groups are critical of Kansas Policy Institute, November 13, 2013.
- Maine Insights, Report: Maine Heritage Policy Center’s funding connection to Koch Brothers, November 13, 2013.
- The Florida Current, Liberal groups bemoan lobbying by conservative think tanks, November 13, 2013.
- The Oregonian, Cascade Policy Institute benefits from secretive donor group but says it operates independently, November 13, 2013.
- Center for Media and Democracy, EXPOSED: The State Policy Network, The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Arizona Working Families and CMD, A Reporter’s Guide to the Goldwater Institute: What Citizens, Policymakers, and Reporters Should Know, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Progress Florida and CMD, Lawmaking Under the Influence of Very Special Interests: Understand the role of Florida ‘think tanks’ in driving a Koch-fueled, ALEC-allied corporate agenda, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
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