Genetically Engineered Food Labeling

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Genetically Engineered Food Labeling refers to the labeling of foods that are made from genetically engineered ingredients, also known as genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

U.S. Labeling Efforts

In the U.S., some foods are voluntarily labeled as free of GMOs, but few, if any, are labeled as containing GMOs. From their introduction in 1994, GMO labeling was strictly voluntary in the U.S. Under U.S. law, labeling of GE foods can be mandated by a number of routes. First, the FDA can choose to require them. Second, Congress or a state legislature can pass a law requiring mandatory labeling. Third, some states allow citizens to vote on ballot initiatives, such as California's Proposition 37 of 2012 (Prop 37), a ballot initiative to require mandatory labeling of GE foods.

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