Bali Action Plan

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The Bali Action Plan was adopted at a December 2007 conference in Bali, Indonesia by parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. The plan "charts the course for a new negotiating process designed to tackle climate change", with the intention this be concluded at the COP15 meeting in Copenhagen.[1]

(Note the Bali Action Plan is narrower in content and is just one part of the Bali Road Map which was adopted at the conference).

The Key Aspects of the Plan

The key provisions of the Bali Action Plan agreed to at the conclusion of the COP13 conference included commitments to[2]:

  • "A shared vision for long-term cooperative action, including a long-term global goal for emission reductions, to achieve the ultimate objective of the Convention, in accordance with the provisions and principles of the Convention, in particular the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and taking into account social and economic conditions and other relevant factors;"
(i) "Measurable, reportable and verifiable nationally appropriate mitigation commitments or actions, including quantified emission limitation and reduction objectives, by all developed country Parties, while ensuring the comparability of efforts among them, taking into account differences in their national circumstances;"
(ii) "Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties in the context of sustainable development, supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity-building, in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner;"
(iii) "Policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries;"
(iv) "Cooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific actions, in order to enhance implementation of Article 4, paragraph 1(c), of the Convention.

(The action plan section on mitigation also included general commitments to using markets to promote mitigation actions and to encourage an expanded role for multilateral agencies, private, public and NGO groups in supporting mitigation).

(i) "International cooperation to support urgent implementation of adaptation actions, including through vulnerability assessments, prioritization of actions, financial needs assessments, capacity-building and response strategies, integration of adaptation actions into sectoral and national planning, specific projects and programmes, means to incentivize the implementation of adaptation actions, and other ways to enable climate-resilient development and reduce vulnerability of all Parties, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, especially the least developed countries and small island developing States, and further taking into account the needs of countries in Africa affected by drought, desertification and floods;"
(ii) "Risk management and risk reduction strategies, including risk sharing and transfer mechanisms such as insurance";
(iii) "Disaster reduction strategies and means to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change; "

The plan also includes a general statement on the need to promote "economic diversification to build resilience" and to encourage an expanded role for multilateral agencies, private, public and NGO groups in supporting adaptation).

and adaptation" including through:

(i) "Effective mechanisms and enhanced means for the removal of obstacles to, and provision of financial and other incentives for, scaling up of the development and transfer of technology to developing country Parties in order to promote access to affordable environmentally sound technologies;"
(ii) "Ways to accelerate deployment, diffusion and transfer of affordable environmentally sound technologies;"
(iii) "Cooperation on research and development of current, new and innovative technology, including win-win solutions";
(iv) "The effectiveness of mechanisms and tools for technology cooperation in specific sectors;"
(i)"Improved access to adequate, predictable and sustainable financial resources and financial and technical support, and the provision of new and additional resources, including official and concessional funding for developing country Parties;
(ii) "Positive incentives for developing country Parties for the enhanced implementation of national mitigation strategies and adaptation action;"
(iii) "Innovative means of funding to assist developing country Parties that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change in meeting the cost of adaptation;"
(iv) Means to incentivize the implementation of adaptation actions on the basis of sustainable development policies;"
(v) "Mobilization of public- and private-sector funding and investment, including facilitation of climate-friendly investment choices;"
(vi) "Financial and technical support for capacity-building in the assessment of the costs of adaptation in developing countries, in particular the most vulnerable ones, to aid in determining their financial needs."

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  1. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, "The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali", United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change website, accessed September 2008.
  2. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, "Report of the Conference of the Parties on its thirteenth session, held in Bali from 3 to 15 December 2007: Addendum", United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, March 14, 2008, pages 3-6.

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