Alabama Policy Institute
The Alabama Policy Institute (API) is a conservative think tank "dedicated to the preservation of free markets, limited government and strong families." It is a state think tank member of the State Policy Network (SPN). API's former president, Gary Palmer, was also the president of SPN's board of directors. API is now led by Caleb Crosby.
- 1 Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- 2 Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
- 3 Core Financials
- 4 Personnel
- 5 Contact Information
- 6 Articles and Resources
SPN is a web of right-wing “think tanks” and tax-exempt organizations in 50 states, Washington, D.C., Canada, and the United Kingdom. As of January 2020, SPN's membership totals 163. Today's SPN is the tip of the spear of far-right, nationally funded policy agenda in the states that undergirds extremists in the Republican Party. SPN Executive Director Tracie Sharp told the Wall Street Journal in 2017 that the revenue of the combined groups was some $80 million, but a 2019 analysis of SPN's main members IRS filings by the Center for Media and Democracy shows that the combined revenue is over $120 million. Although SPN's member organizations claim to be nonpartisan and independent, the Center for Media and Democracy's in-depth investigation, "EXPOSED: The State Policy Network -- The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government," reveals that SPN and its member think tanks are major drivers of the right-wing, American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)-backed corporate agenda in state houses nationwide, with deep ties to the Koch brothers and the national right-wing network of funders.
In response to CMD's report, SPN Executive Director Tracie Sharp told national and statehouse reporters that SPN affiliates are "fiercely independent." Later the same week, however, The New Yorker's Jane Mayer caught Sharp in a contradiction. In her article, "Is IKEA the New Model for the Conservative Movement?," the Pulitzer-nominated reporter revealed that, in a recent meeting behind closed doors with the heads of SPN affiliates around the country, Sharp "compared the organization’s model to that of the giant global chain IKEA." She reportedly said that SPN "would provide 'the raw materials,' along with the 'services' needed to assemble the products. Rather than acting like passive customers who buy finished products, she wanted each state group to show the enterprise and creativity needed to assemble the parts in their home states. 'Pick what you need,' she said, 'and customize it for what works best for you.'" Not only that, but Sharp "also acknowledged privately to the members that the organization's often anonymous donors frequently shape the agenda. 'The grants are driven by donor intent,' she told the gathered think-tank heads. She added that, often, 'the donors have a very specific idea of what they want to happen.'"
A set of coordinated fundraising proposals obtained and released by The Guardian in early December 2013 confirm many of these SPN members' intent to change state laws and policies, referring to "advancing model legislation" and "candidate briefings." These activities "arguably cross the line into lobbying," The Guardian notes.
Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
The Alabama Policy Institute has hosted writers from the ALEC-connected Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, which screens potential reporters on their “free market” views as part of the job application process. The Franklin Center funds reporters in over 40 states. Despite their non-partisan description, many of the websites funded by the Franklin Center have received criticism for their conservative bias. On its website, the Franklin Center claims it "provides 10 percent of all daily reporting from state capitals nationwide."
Franklin Center Funding
Franklin Center Director of Communications Michael Moroney told the Center for Public Integrity (CPI) in 2013 that the source of the Franklin Center's funding "is 100 percent anonymous." But 95 percent of its 2011 funding came from DonorsTrust, a spin-off of the Philanthropy Roundtable that functions as a large "donor-advised fund," cloaking the identity of donors to right-wing causes across the country (CPI did a review of Franklin's Internal Revenue Service records). Mother Jones called DonorsTrust "the dark-money ATM of the conservative movement" in a February 2013 article. Franklin received DonorTrust's second-largest donation in 2011.
The Franklin Center was launched by the Chicago-based Sam Adams Alliance (SAM), a 501(c)(3) devoted to pushing free-market ideals. SAM gets funding from the State Policy Network, which is partially funded by The Claude R. Lambe Foundation. Charles Koch, one of the billionaire brothers who co-own Koch Industries, sits on the board of this foundation. SAM also receives funding from the Rodney Fund.
According to API’s 2011 IRS Form 990, the group spent $17,344 to employ an "investigative journalist."
Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
The API also has ties to ALEC through its membership in the State Policy Network (SPN), which itself is an ALEC member. API's president, Gary Palmer, is a founding director of SPN. He has been on the SPN board of directors for six years, the final two as president.
SPN's predecessor, the Madison Group, was "launched by the American Legislative Exchange Council or ALEC . . . and housed in the Chicago-based Heartland Institute," according to a 1991 report by the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy (NCRP) found in the University of California-San Francisco's Legacy Tobacco Documents.
The case is strengthened by an October 1987 ALEC directory also available via the Tobacco Documents that says, "The Madison Group is chaired by Mrs. Constance Heckman [now Constance Campanella, founder of the lobbying firm Stateside Associates], Executive Director of ALEC . . ." A speakers list also available in the Tobacco Documents says in Constance Campanella's biography, "She was a co-founder and first President of The Madison Group, the first network of free-market state think tanks."
SPN has been a member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) for many years. In the mid-2000s, SPN secured funding for more of its member think tanks to join ALEC in order to help develop model legislation. By 2009, 22 SPN member think tanks were active ALEC members and participants in ALEC task forces, according to an SPN newsletter, and SPN was being rewarded for its services by ALEC. As of 2013, at least 35 SPN member think tanks have demonstrable ties to ALEC in addition to SPN's own ties, and all of SPN's member think tanks push ALEC's agenda in their respective states, according to a review by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD).
See SPN Ties to ALEC for more.
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.
- Total Revenue: $1,076,626
- Total Expenses: $1,190,670
- Net Assets: $40,179
- Total Revenue: $1,023,656
- Total Expenses: $1,017,943
- Net Assets: $514,230
- Total Revenue: $1,091,626
- Total Expenses: $1,052,028
- Net Assets: $508,517
- Total Revenue: $1,284,061
- Total Expenses: $1,312,496
- Net Assets: $468,919
- Total Revenue: $1,166,931
- Total Expenses: $1,176,074
- Net Assets: $497,354
- Total Revenue: $1,148,661
- Total Expenses: $1,219,046
- Net Assets: $509,497
- Total Revenue: $1,100,517.00
- Total Expenses: $1,110,437.00
- Net Assets: $576,881.00
- Total Revenue: $1,106,954.00
- Total Expenses: $1,112,979.00
- Net Assets: $586,801.00
As of September 2019:
- Caleb Crosby, President and CEO
- Nikki Richardson, Executive Vice President
- Carl Jones, COO
- Phil Williams, Director of Policy Strategy and General Counsel
- Josh Pendergrass, Chief Communications Officer
- Drayton Nabers, Distinguished Fellow
- Adam J. MacLeod, Professorial Fellow
- Dana Hall McCain, Resident Fellow
- Matthew Stokes, Resident Fellow
- Parker Snider, Director of Policy Analysis
- Will Fagan, Development Officer
- Meredith Stanley, Office Administrator
- J. Pepper Bryars, Senior Fellow
- Rachel Blackmon Bryans, Senior Fellow
- Katie Gannon, Donors Relation Manager
- Gary Palmer, President
- Michael Ciamarra, Vice President
- Ray Hartwell, Senior Fellow
- Andrew Kinnaird, Policy Analyst
- JoAnne Lindley, Director, Special Events and Donor Relations
- Elizabeth BeShears, Policy Analyst and Grant Coordinator
- Cameron Smith, Policy Director and General Counsel
- Carol Walden, Publication Manager
- Katherine Robertson, Vice President
- Taylor Dawson, Director of Institutional Advancement
- Andrew Yerbey, Senior Policy Counsel
- Caitlin Williams, Roy and Sue Nichols Fellow
- Charleigh Cagle, Development Manager
- Katie Tooker, Executive Assistant
- Dr. John Hill, Senior Research Analyst
- Richard Garrett, Senior Fellow
- Sherri Bartels, Accountant
Board of Directors
- Charlie and Lila Bailey
- Tom and Mary Anne Bradford, Executive Committee Member
- Greg and Dee Brown
- Michael and Kay Brown
- Todd and Karen Carlisle
- John and Julie Collier, Secretary
- Bob and Mary Ann Couch, Executive Committee Member
- Caleb and Destin Crosby, API President
- Bo and Tammy Cross
- Bruce and Ida Dundar
- Rev. Aaron and Chris Fleming
- Richard and Judy Garrett
- Rob and Shawn Grubb
- Don and Betty Harrison, Treasurer
- Don and Janice Hendry, Executive Committee Member
- Hugh and Jan Jacks
- Chuck and Kim Jett
- Neil and Helen Kennedy, Executive Committee Member
- Mike and Larke Lanier
- Chad and Angie Mathis
- Brant and Sallie McDuffie
- Steve and Diane McKinney, Executive Committee Member
- Bill and Lana McNair, Executive Committee Member
- Alastair and Lisa Ann Muir-Taylor
- Roy and Sue Nichols
- Ronnie and Nancy Norris
- John S. and May Moss Parker, Executive Committee Member
- Ralph and Lynn Parrish
- Donny and Katharine Patton
- Randy and Daina Pittman
- Nikki Richardson, Executive Vice President
- Rod and Linda Steakley, Executive Committee Member
- Scott and Kellie Stewart
- Richard and Leah Stimpson, Chairman
- Jim and Darcy Terry
- Bob and Beth Walker
- Mark and Missi Wesson
- Lex and Mary Williamson
- Bryan and Holly Word, Executive Committee Member
- Al and Nancy Worthington
Former Board Members
- Barganier, Dr. Paul and Karen
- Hornsby, John and Virginia
- Newton, Dr. Allen and Brenda
- Palmer, Gary and Ann – API President
- Pursley, Dr. Mike and Dr. Holly
- Reid, Dr. Calvin and Yvonne
- Mac and Jackie McInnis
- Charlie and Susan Stephens
Alabama Policy Institute
Post Office Box 131088
Birmingham, AL 35213
Phone: (205) 870-9900
Fax: (205) 449-9990
Articles and Resources
Related SourceWatch Articles
- State Policy Network:
- American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
- Donors Capital Fund
- Koch Family Foundations
- Koch Industries
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- Heritage Foundation
- Think tanks
- Whitney Ball
- Adam Meyerson
- Bridgett Wagner
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