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Rwanda is a small, landlocked country in central Africa just south of the equator, having gained its independence from Belgium in 1962. Africa's worst genocide in modern times occurred in the country in 1994 with ethnic fighting between the Hutus and Tutsis. BBC states that, "Rwanda is trying to shake off its image associated with the 1994 state-sponsored genocide; the government argues the country is now stable." [1] [2]

So far, 27 people have been convicted by the UN International Criminal Tribunal in the genocide. [2]


The BBC says of the country's media:

State-run Radio Rwanda is the most-listened-to station in the country. A private station, the first to open since the 1994 genocide, launched in 2004 and has been joined by a cluster of competitors. TV viewing is mainly confined to urban areas.
Radio - the country's main source of news and information - had its own role in the 1994 genocide. The notorious, privately-run "hate radio" station Radio Tele Libre Mille Collines (RTLM) was a vehicle for virulent anti-Tutsi propaganda.[2]

Former US Ambassadors



  1. Rwanda, National Geographic, accessed January 2008.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Country profile: Rwanda, BBC, accessed January 2008.

External resources