Roundup Ready Canola
Roundup Ready Canola (RR Canola) is genetically engineered canola (rapeseed) that has had its DNA modified to withstand the herbicide glyphosate (the active ingredient in Monsanto's herbicide Roundup). It is sometimes referred to as "glyphosate tolerant canola" or "glyphosate tolerant rapeseed." (Canola is a variety of rapeseed.) Roundup Ready Canola was introduced in Canada, one of the world's largest producers of canola, before it was introduced in the United States.
- November 21, 1994: Canada deregulates Monsanto's canola variety GT73.
- 1997: Monsanto introduces GT73 in Canada branding it "Roundup Ready Canola."
- September 1997: Canada dereguates Monsanto's canola variety GT200
- August 4, 1998: Monsanto petitions the U.S. to deregulate GT73.
- January 27, 1999: United States deregulates GT73.
- November 20, 2001: Monsanto petitions the U.S. to deregulate GT200.
- January 2, 2003: United States deregulates Monsanto's canola variety GT200.
- July 7, 2011: Monsanto petitions the U.S. to deregulate MON 88302, a new variety of Roundup Ready canola that can survive being sprayed with higher rates of glyphosate herbicide and at later stages of development.
- August 4, 2011: Pioneer Hi-Bred (DuPont) petitions the U.S. to deregulate glyphosate tolerant 73496 Canola
- July 13, 2012: APHIS published a notice in the Federal Register announcing that the Monsanto and Pioneer petitions are available for public review and soliciting public comments.
See the section on Controversies in the article on Roundup Ready Crops.
Articles and resources
Related SourceWatch articles
- GM Crop Database, Center for Environmental Risk Assessment
- Overview of GMO Events Commercially Available and Regulatory Status
- Novel Food Decisions - Approved Products, Health Canada.
- Charles Benbrook, "Impacts of Genetically Engineered Crops on Pesticide Use: The First Thirteen Years" and Supplemental Tables, The Organic Center, 2009.
- "Failure to Yield: Evaluating the Performance of Genetically Engineered Crops," Union of Concerned Scientists, 2009.