John G. Ruggie
John G. Ruggie "is the Kirkpatrick Professor of International Affairs and Weil Director of the Sharmin and Bijan Mossavar Rahmani Center for Business and Government, as well as Affiliated Professor in International Legal Studies at Harvard Law School. From 1997 to 2001 he was Assistant Secretary-General and Chief Advisor for strategic planning to United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan. He has been Dean of Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs, where he taught for many years; he has also taught at the University of California's (UC) Berkeley and San Diego campuses and directed the UC system-wide Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation. A fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Ruggie is a recipient of the International Studies Association's Distinguished Scholar Award and the American Political Science Association's Hubert H. Humphrey Award for outstanding public service by a political scientist. Ruggie has a BA in politics and history from McMaster University in Canada; a PhD in political science from the University of California, Berkeley; and a Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) from McMaster." 
In July 2005, "United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today announced the appointment of Professor John Ruggie as Special Representative on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises. The creation of this mandate was requested by the United Nations Commission for Human Rights in its resolution 2005/69 and approved by the Economic and Social Council on 25 July 2005.
"The mandate includes identifying and clarifying standards of corporate responsibility and accountability with regard to human rights. An interim report presenting views and recommendations for consideration by the Commission on Human Rights is due at its sixty-second session in 2006 and a final report in 2007.
"Professor Ruggie previously served as Assistant Secretary-General and senior adviser for strategic planning from 1997 to 2001. Among his many responsibilities, he was one of the main architects of the United Nations Global Compact, and he led the Secretary-General’s successful effort at the Millennium Summit in 2000 to propose and secure the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals.
"Professor Ruggie will remain the Kirkpatrick Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Center for Business and Government at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. But coincident with his appointment as Special Representative, and to ensure the integrity of the mandate, he will resign his current United Nations role as Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the Global Compact." 
- Advisory Council, Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative
- Advisory Council, Stanley Foundation 
- Special Mandate Holder, United Nations Human Rights Commission 
- Corporate Social Responsibility Special Consultant, Barrick Gold 
Resources and articles
- John G. Ruggie, Harvard Law School, accessed September 25, 2007.
- SECRETARY-GENERAL APPOINTS JOHN RUGGIE OF UNITED STATES SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE ON ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS, TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS, OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES, UN, accessed September 25, 2007.
- Governance, Stanley Foundation, accessed December 23, 2008.
- Strategic Management Plan 2008-2009, United Nations Human Rights Commission, accessed April 9, 2009.
- Barrick Gold CSR, organizational web page, accessed April 1, 2013.