Herbert Freudenberger

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Herbert Freudenberger was an Addiction expert who was used by the tobacco industry in its defense of the Cipollone trial. He was a practicing clinical psychologist in New York. He also helped the industry recruit other potential witnesses in addiction.

Documents & TimeLine

1984 Feb 29 The law company which looked after secret payments for the Council of Tobacco Research (CTR), Jacob Medinger & Finnegan has completed an audit of Special Project #4 payments. This shows that Dr Herbert Freudenberger received $200 in the previous six months from this account. [2]

[Probably repayment of some expenses. His fees would have been in the thousands.]

1986 Feb 27 The five major law firms which service the tobacco industry for litigation purposes met to discuss the work each was doing to identify the best witnesses on 'Addiction' (their term) to be used when defending tobacco cases or giving evidence at hearings. [Of course they always denied that cigarettes were addictive .. just 'habit forming']

They reviewed evidence that about a dozen of their witnesses had given, and tried to narrow their list down to a few of the best. They said about this witness:

Herbert Freudenberger, named in Cipollone, is a practicing clinician in New York. Ted Blau has testified in Galbraith and is named in Palmer. He has a firm grasp of the literature but cannot be overutilized due to his five-year association with the industry. William Lerner is an M.D. involved in a drug abuse treatment center, although he lacks ,direct experience with smoking. [3]

[NOTE: This document would normally be prohibited from release because of lawyer confidentiality. However because this meeting constituted a conspiracy, the court has compelled production]