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In the context of Philip Morris's determined defense against the EPA's ETS Risk Assessment, the terms ETS Group and ETS Team may sometimes be interchangeable, and sometimes different.
- In general ETS Group refers to a few dozen well-corrupted independent scientists who were paid retainer, or via grants, to provide support for the tobacco industry. This generally refers to them reading the literature, talking to associates, attending conferences, and reporting back to their handlers.
- The term ETS Team generally referred to the inhouse staff and a few lobbyist contractors, who were designing and implementing the strategies and tactics to undermine the EPA's risk assessment process. The were involved in organising, collating information, and feeding the media in various ways, and at a higher level in outright bribery of politicians and bureaucrats.
The ETS Group of scientists appears to have been assembled as a vague 'collective' (capable of supporting each other in scientific disputes, hearings, etc) and of peer-reviewing favourably each other's studies. In some cases they also controlled publication in scientific journals. The McGill University ETS Symposium mounted by the Corporate Affairs division of Philip Morris seems to have been the trigger for the formal creation of the ETS Group.
Documents & Timeline
1990 Oct 11 (The Tobacco Institute's ETS Group in Action)
The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) is holding hearings on the banning of smoking on interstate buses. These are the scientific submission funded by the Tobacco Institute using the ETS Group listings of Philip Morris.
"Critical comments were filed by:"
- Salvatore R. DiNardi, Ph.D., PHRA Incorporated;
- Joseph L. Fleiss, Ph.D., of Columbia University School of Public Health and Alan J. Gross, Ph.D., of Medical University of South Carolina;
- Howard Goodfellow, Ph.D., and Susan Eyre, MHSc., of Goodfellow Consultants, Inc.;
- Gio B Gori, Director, Health Policy Center;
- Alan J. Gross, Ph.D., Medical University of South Carolina;
- Larry C. Holcomb, Ph.D., Vice President, Holcomb Environmental Services;
- Ronald D. Hood, Ph.D., University of Alabama,
- Raphael J. Witorsch, Ph.D., Medical College of Virginia, and Philip Witorsch, M.D., George Washington Unversity Medical Center;
- Alan W. Katzenstein, Katzenstein Associates;
- S. James Kilpatrick, Medical College of Virginia;
- Peter N. Lee M.A., Director, P.N. Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd.;
- Maurice E. LeVois, Ph.D., Environmental Health Resources, and Maxwell W. Layard, Ph.D., Layard Associates;
- Ted A. Loomis, M.D., Ph.D., Drill, Freiss, Hays, Loomis & Shaffer, Inc.;
- Joe Pedelty, M.Sc, Holcomb Environmental Services;
- Mark J. Reasor, Ph.D., West Virginia University and James A. Will, D.V.M., Ph.D.;
- Jarnail Singh, Ph.D., Stillman College;
- Paul Switzer, Ph.D., Stanford University;
- John A. Todhunter, Ph.D., FAIC, DABT, Science Regulatory Services International;
- David A. Weeks, M.D.;
- Lawrence M. Wexler, Ph.D., New York Medical College;
- Joseph M. Wu, Ph.D., New York Medical College.
- [Every one of the above was a life-long tobacco shill.]