Dissociative Identity Disorder

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In 1994, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) replaced Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV).

  • The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self).
  • At least two of these identities or personality states recurrently take control of the person's behavior
  • Inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
  • The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., blackouts or chaotic behavior during Alcohol Intoxication) or a general medical condition (e.g., complex partial seizures).
  • Note: In children, the symptoms are not attributable to imaginary playmates or other fantasy play.

Source: DSM-IV Guidebook, 1995; American Psychiatric Press, Inc.

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