Bicentenario Oil Pipeline

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This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.

Bicentenario Oil Pipeline is an oil pipeline in Colombia.[1]


The pipeline runs from Casanare to Covenas, Colombia.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Ecopetrol (56%), Pacific Rubiales (43%), Canacol (1%) [1]
  • Current capacity: 120,000 barrels per day
  • Proposed capacity: 450,000 barrels per day
  • Current Length: 229 kilometers
  • Length: 960 kilometers
  • Oil source: Llanos basin, Colombia
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 2013


Bicentenario started up in 2013-14, is operated by Oleoducto de Los Llanos (ODL), which Ecopetrol controls through its midstream unit Cenit with a 55.97pc stake. Canadian independent Pacific Exploration and Production holds 43.02pc and junior independents Canacol and Vetra hold the remainder.[2]

The OBC pipeline project is aimed at easing transport bottlenecks experienced by oil producers operating in the prolific Llanos basin in Colombia. The 960km pipeline will extend from Casanare to the port of Coveñas, will have a 450.000b/d capacity and its construction will be carried out in four separate stages (phases 0 to 3). Phases 2 and 3 will have a combined length of 730.3km and will transport crude oil from the Banadía station to the Coveñas Maritime Terminal through 42, 30 and 36 inches pipelines, with 340,000b/d capacity.[3] The pipeline project was planned to be the largest such project in Colombia's history.[4]

The currently existing leg of the pipeline is only 229.3 kilometers (142.5 miles) while the second and third phases of the pipeline have been canceled due to attacks on various parts of other pipeline systems. The current leg of the pipeline maintains a capacity of 120,000 bpd. Aside from a suspension of further pipeline construction, the attacks on other pipeline systems lead to Ecopetrol to reverse the Bicentenario oil pipeline to free up flow of 29°API crude from US Occidental's 50,000 b/d Caño Limón oil field, effectively bypassing the portions attacked by anti-government militants. The Bicentenario line previously transported medium sour crude from Araguaney to Banadia. With the reversal, the Caño Limón crude can now flow south to connect into the 590,000 b/d Ocensa transport system. The Caño Limón-Coveñas and Ocensa lines both terminate at the oil port of Coveñas, but Ocensa is less vulnerable to attack because it is underground.[5]


In August 2014, the Bicentenario crude oil pipeline was shut down after being attacked; the Colombian government blamed leftist rebels for the attack. The attack occurred Fortul, in the eastern province of Arauca near the border with Venezuela, causing a huge fire but no injuries or fatalities. The oil pipeline was ruptured and oil did spill according to the operator Oleoducto Bicentenario. The was no disclosure on the amount of oil spilled.[6]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Bicentenario Oil Pipeline, BN Americas, accessed September 2017
  2. Colombia bypasses oft-attacked oil pipeline, Argus News Agency, May 12, 2017
  3. Phase 2 and 3 Oleoducto Bicentenario (OBC) Pipeline, BNamericas, accessed October 2017
  4. Oleoducto Bicentenario Oil Pipeline, A Barrel Full, accessed October 2017
  5. Colombia bypasses oft-attacked oil pipeline, Argus News Agency, May 12, 2017
  6. Colombia's Bicentenario pipeline stopped by rebel bombing, Reuters, August 13, 2014

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