United States regulations affecting coal mining

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This article is part of the Coal Issues portal on SourceWatch, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy. See here for help on adding material to CoalSwarm.

The main U.S. statute controlling coal mining is the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA). Under the law, each state must establish a federally approved enforcement program. SMCRA is administered by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement in the Department of Interior. Other federal laws affecting coal mining with a major impact on mining are the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act.[1]

The following U.S. statutes may also affect coal mining:[2]

  • American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978
  • Antiquities Act of 1906
  • Archeological Nd Historical Preservation Act of 1974
  • Archeological Salvage Act
  • Bald Eagle Protection Act of 1969
  • Endangered Species Act of 1963
  • Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1934
  • Forest and Rangeland Resources Planning Act of 1974
  • Historic Preservation Act of 1966
  • Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918
  • Mining and Minerals Policy Act of 1970
  • Multiple Use - Sustained Yield Act of 1960
  • National Forests Management Act of 1976
  • National Trails System Act
  • Noise Control Act of 1976
  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
  • Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974
  • Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977
  • Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
  • Wilderness Act of 1964



  1. "Strict Regulations Govern Coal Mining," Kentucky Educational TV, accessed December 2008
  2. "Strict Regulations Govern Coal Mining," Kentucky Educational TV, accessed December 2008

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