Spearhead Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.|
Spearhead Oil Pipeline is an oil pipeline in the United States.
The pipeline runs from Flanagan, Illinois, to Cushing, Oklahoma.
- Operator: Enbridge
- Current capacity: 193,000 barrels per day
- Proposed capacity:
- Length: 650 miles (1050 kilometres)
- Oil source: Edmonton, Alberta
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 2006
Enbridge acquired the pipeline from BP in 2003, which had previously delivered crude from Cushing, Oklahoma, to the Chicago, Illinois area.
In 2006 Enbridge renamed the pipeline Spearhead, and reversed and reopened it to deliver Canadian crude oil to the major oil hub at Cushing, Oklahoma. The crude oil delivered to Cushing originates in Edmonton, Alberta, traveling through the Enbridge Pipeline mainline and Enbridge's Lakehead system to Chicago, before entering the 650-mile Spearhead Pipeline to Cushing. In 2007 Enbridge expanded the pipeline to 193,300 Bpd.
The pipeline was shut down on August 11, 2015 following a crude oil spill in northern Missouri. The restart date is unknown.
Articles and resources
- Spearhead Oil Pipeline, A Barrel Full, accessed September 2017
- "Multiple Cushing Connected Pipelines Shut After Enbridge Spearhead Pipeline Spill," Genscape, Aug 12, 2015