Michael Marlow

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This article is part of the Tobacco portal on Sourcewatch funded from 2006 - 2009 by the American Legacy Foundation.

Michael L. Marlow (also known as Mike Marlow) received his B.A. degree in economics in 1975 from George Washington University, and a Ph.D. in economics in 1978 from Virginia Polytechnic Institute. He has been a Professor of Economics at the California State Polytechnic University-San Luis Obispo since 1988.

Michael Marlow and Philip Morris

Michael Marlow has a long term relationship with Philip Morris and the tobacco industry, via the Tobacco Institute.[1][2][3]as explained in the following incomplete list. Some of the linked documents became available after a settlement between tobacco companies and U.S. state attorney generals.


In 1994 Michael Marlow was a member of the Academic Advisory Board of the pro-tobacco junk science report Science, economics, and environmental policy: a critical examination [1] published on August 11, 1994, by the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution (AdTI). Philip Morris was a sponsor of AdTI (see AdTI-Funding).

1994 Aug A Alexis de Tocqueville report "The EPA and the Science of ETS" has been funded by the Tobacco Institute. The author was Adjunct Scholar Kent Jeffreys, and the senior reviewer was S. Fred Singer, a Professor of Environmental Science (on leave from the University of Virginia) and a Senior Fellow at the Institute. The final report was scheduled to be complete mid-June and it would be entitled "Science and Environmentalism".

A confidential memo by the president of the Tobacco Institute, Samuel D. Chilcote, Jr., described how this secret tobacco-funded report was being used in legislative lobbying:

This morning Reps. Peter Geren (D-TX) and John Mica (R-FL) held a press conference announcing the release of a study by the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution that evaluates the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) scientific principles used to justify policy decisions. Geren and Mica were joined by Cesar Conda, executive director of the de Tocqueville Institution and coauthors Dr. S. Fred Singer and Kent Jeffreys." [2]

"Press coverage included States News Service, Stephens Publishing and Cable Congress. Several congressional staffers also attended, copies of the Geren/Mica "Dear Colleague" letter, press release and the study are enclosed."


This report is part of a larger coordinated effort to blindside the EPA. A "panel of experts" was assembled to "peer-review" the report. Naturally the majority were people with identified links to tobacco-funded institutes and think tanks, and some who share the same small set of funders.

Academic Advisory Board:

Senior Staff and Contributing Associates
Rachael Applegate,   Bruce Bartlett,   Merrick Carey,   Cesar Conda,   Gregory Fossedal,   Dave Juday,   Felix Rouse,   Aaron Stevens

Ten of the 19 names of the Academic Advisory Board are members of the Cash for Comments Economists Network. At this time S. Fred Singer was a Senior Fellow at the Alexis de Tocqueville Institute, but they chose not to credit him with such close links.

These attempt to link the tobacco industry's problems to arguments about climate change were part funded by the Olin Foundation, Koch Family Foundations and Scaife Foundations.

  • 20 page Draft document sent to the Tobacco Institute [4]
  • The release about the final report (August 11 1994) It is now an attack on "environmental regulation" -- ETS, radon, pesticides and agricultural regulation, and the Superfund toxic waste cleanup program ... and based, supposedly, on the quality of the science used by the EPA. [5]
  • The final report was called Science, Economics, and Environmental Policy: A Critical Examination.' It had the approval of the Cash for Comments Economists Network. [6]


In December, 1995 Philip Morris made a contract on request of John R. Dunham (from 1995 to 2000 manager of Fiscal Issues and Chief Domestic Economist at Philip Morris Management Corporation) with Mr. Marlow and William J. Boyes for a project from August 1, 1996 to December 31, 1996 for an academic study based on literature on smoking bans which should result in a model on how smoking bans effect resource allocation and income distribution within the restaurant and bar industry. Initial project payment was $13,500 and for additional work the rate was set to $100 per hour (max. $50,000). [7]


Around April 1996 a draft was available of the document "The Economics of Smoking Bans" by William Boyes and Michael Marlow. [8]

And around September 12, 1996 there was documend called "The Effects on Businesses of Laws Restricting Smoking" by Boyes and Marlow. [9]


Michael Marlow wrote around November 1997 the report "The Economic Effects Of Smoking Laws On Bars And Taverns". [10] [11] In it you can read that a study found that 82 percent of bar and taverns owners predict that a smoke-free ordinance would hurt their businesses.


This study "The Economic Effects Of Smoking Laws On Bars And Taverns" (funded by Philip Morris) is presented at the National Licensed Beverage Association annual conference in 1998. [12]


Michael Marlow wrote in January 1999 an analysis called "Review of 10 Articles on Economic Effects of Smoking Laws Appearing in Journal of Health Management and Practice". The first note was: "This analysis was conducted for Philip Morris Managament Corporation". [13]

On May 25, 1999 Mr. Marlow made a review of "Tourism and Hotel Revenues Before and After Passage of Smoke-Free Restaurant Ordinances," by Stanton A. Glantz and Annemarie Charlesworth. That review was "conducted for Philip Morris Management Corporation" and could have been intended for internal use only. [14]

In September 1999 Mr. Marlow wrote together with Wayne H. Winegarden (then Manager of Economic and Tax Issues with Philip Morris Asia Ltd.) "Public Finance Systems and Public Education Performance". [15]

Another Philip Morris funded report by Michael Marlow is "An economic analysis of the Maine smoking ban: evidence from patrons and owners of businesses" written in 1999. [16]


Mr. Marlow wrote together with John R. Dunham a paper published in Economic Inquiry on January 2000 called "The Effect of Smoking Laws on Seating Allocations of Restaurants, Bars and Taverns". [17]. The Economic Inquiry accepted the manuscript already in January 1999. [18]

That same year they wrote "Smoking laws and their differential effects on restaurants, bars, and taverns" (Contemporary Economic Policy, 18 (July 2000), 326-33). [19] [20] At that moment Mr. Dunham was still working at Philip Morris. Prof. Stanton A. Glantz (Professor of Medicine, University of California San Francisco) found many mistakes in these two papers and his conclusion was:

The Dunham and Marlow "studies" are just repackaged versions of earlier tobacco industry claims that have been proven wrong. [21]


As a follow-up for the 'Maine' report of 1999, Mr. Marlow wrote in March 2001 the report "Economic Effects of the Maine Smoking Ban on Patrons and Businesses: Evidence Following the Ban" with on the front page the sentence "This study was funded by the Philip Morris Management Corporation" [22].

In the fall of 2001 Mr. Marlow and Wayne H. Winegarden (then still a Manager of Economic and Tax Issues with Philip Morris Asia Ltd.) wrote "Public Finance Systems and Public Performance: Searching for an Optimal School Finance System" [23]. This is a later version of the 1999 paper 'Public Finance Systems and Public Education Performance' by Marlow and Winegarden. Both papers contain the statement; "This paper is based on an earlier study that was conducted for Philip Morris Management Corporation."


In 2002 Dunham and Marlow wrote "The Private Market for Accommodation: Determinants of Smoking Policies in Restaurants and Bars". The 'Notes' section starts with:

"This paper is based in part on a study conducted for Philip Morris Management Corp." [24]

This last paper is published on the site of John Dunham and Associates and on their 'Case Studies' page with a link to this paper they wrote:

"John Dunham and Associates has worked on a number of projects for major corporations throughout the United States. While many of these are proprietary, our clients have given us permission to share a number of them:" [25]

Another 'case study' linked from the same page has the statement: "This article was funded in part by Philip Morris Management Corporation." [26] and yet another pro-tobacco paper of John Dunham and Associates published in June 2002 has the sentence: "One of John Dunham and Associates many clients is the Philip Morris Management Corporation." [27]

So the paper "The Private Market for Accommodation: Determinants of Smoking Policies in Restaurants and Bars" by Michael Marlow and John R. Dunham was made for a client of John Dunham and Associates and this client was most likely Philip Morris.


In the December 2003 issue of Applied Economics there was another paper written Michael Marlow and John Dunham. This time it was called "The economic incidence of smoking laws". Nothing was mentioned about Mr. Dunham working (indirectly) for Philip Morris, but again there was the statement "This paper is based in part on a study conducted for Philip Morris Management Corp." [28]


  • Michael L. Marlow, "Public Finance: Theory and Practice", Harcourt Brace, November 1, 1994, ISBN 0030969603

Sourcewatch resources

External resources


  1. Karen Fernicola Suhr, Tobacco Institute The Tobacco Institute 1875 L Street. Northwest Washington, DC 20006, Memorandum. November 6, 1992. 1 page. Bates No.TI52350022
  2. J. Maheras, Philip Morris Management Corporation REVIEW OF 10 ARTICLES ON THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF SMOKING LAWS Memorandum. March 16, 1999. 1 page. Bates No.2072576637
  3. Michael L. Marlow No title Memorandum. February 3, 2002. 1 page. Bates No. 2085238400