Charles G. Groat
Dr. Charles G. "Chip" Groat became the 13th Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior, on November 13, 1998.  He was appointed by President William Jefferson Clinton and retained by President George W. Bush.  Groat resigned his position effective June 17, 2005. 
As of November 2005, Dr. Groat was serving as "the Director of the Center for International Energy and Environmental Policy and as the Director of the Energy and Mineral Resources Graduate Program at the University of Texas at Austin. He also holds the Jackson Chair in Energy and Mineral Resources at the University. Before joining the University of Texas at Austin, Dr. Groat served for 6 1/2 years as Director of the U.S. Geological Survey. 
According to his USGS biography, "Groat is a distinguished professional in the earth science community with over 25 years of direct involvement in geological studies, energy and minerals resource assessment, ground-water occurrence and protection, geomorphic processes and landform evolution in desert areas, and coastal studies. From May to November 1998, he served as Associate Vice President for Research and Sponsored Projects at the University of Texas at El Paso, following three years as Director of the Center for Environmental Resource Management. He was also Director of the University's Environmental Science and Engineering Ph.D. Program and a Professor of Geological Sciences.
"Prior to joining the University of Texas, Dr. Groat served as Executive Director (1992-95) at the Center for Coastal, Energy, and Environmental Resources, at Louisiana State University. He was Executive Director (1990-92) for the American Geological Institute. From 1983-88, he served as assistant to the Secretary of the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources, where he administered the Coastal Zone Management Program, and the Coastal Protection Program.
"From 1978-1990, Dr. Groat held positions at Louisiana State University and the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources which included serving as professor for the Department of Geology and Geophysics, and as Director and State Geologist for the Louisiana Geological Survey. He also served as associate professor (1976-78) at the University of Texas at Austin, in the Department of Geological Sciences, and as Associate Director and Acting Director of the Bureau of Economic Geology.
"Dr. Groat received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Geology (1962) from the University of Rochester, a Master of Science in Geology (1967) from the University of Massachusetts, and a Ph.D. in Geology (1970) from the University of Texas at Austin.
"Among his many professional affiliations, Groat is a member of the Geological Society of America, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Geophysical Union, and the American Association of Petroleum Geologist. He has also served on over a dozen earth science boards and committees and has authored and contributed to numerous publications and articles on major issues involving earth resources and the environment.
"Dr. Charles G. Groat was born in Westfield, New York, March 25, 1940."
- Steve Tetreault, "U.S. Geological Survey chief resigns position. Yucca Mountain e-mail scandal put agency director in spotlight, but spokesman says departure unrelated to controversy," Las Vegas Review-Journal, June 10, 2005.
- "Dr. Charles G. Groat Joins Pogo Producing Company," Oil Voice, November 1, 2005.